Often, ardent anti-abortion supporters will argue that if abortion is allowed then women will abuse this freedom and use abortion as a method of contraception. Women do NOT desire to have abortions.
However, in a society that permits promiscuity and yet does not provide adequate contraception, then abortion must be made available as an option. Contraceptives are seldom advertised and none of them are 100% effective, so unwanted pregnancies will always occur whilst this situation exists.
- IUD (intrauterine device) – 5% failure rate
- Diaphragm -17% failure rate
- Pill – 4% failure rate
- Foam – 22% failure rate
- Condom – 10% failure rate
- Rhythm – 21% failure rate.
1. Intrauterine device
They are made of plastic. Possibly work by setting up an inflammatory reaction in the wall of the womb making it an unsuitable site for a fertilized egg.
They are fitted during a period or shortly after. They should not be used if you have irregular, painful and/or heavy periods, if you’re not having regular monthly periods, if you’ve had surgery involving an incision in the womb, or if you’ve had a pregnancy begin in the tube.
They may have possible adverse effects such as painful periods, cramping, heavy periods, perforation of the womb and they may change the hormonal balance of the body. However, they are effective contraceptives for 92 – 97% of women.
2. The Pill
The hormones, estrogen, and progestogen in the pill inhibit the formation of an egg in the ovary. These hormones replace your own hormones, change the lining of the womb so the eggs produced cannot grow there, and change the mucous in the neck of the womb so that it is thicker and there is more of it.
There are three kinds available, combined or serial pills, sequential pills, and Progestogen-only pills.
- Advantages: Very effective, lighter periods, regular periods, less pain with periods, less premenstrual tension, and improved condition of hair and skin.
- Disadvantages: Increased risk of thrombosis, liver damage, weight gain, nausea, depression, bleeding between periods, missed periods, breast discomfort, change in libido, migraine, epilepsy, high blood pressure, diabetes, and can aggravate cancer of the womb.
A shallow, soft rubber cap (sometimes plastic) with a flexible, metal spring ring rim. They come in various sizes and are designed to cover the neck of the womb. You must use it every time you have intercourse and with a spermicide Jelly or Cream. If inserted properly they have no bad side effects, are inexpensive and if checked regularly for pinholes or perished areas are quite effective.
A thin flexible rubber sheath fitted over the erect penis. These are totally non-harmful and are quite cheap. Not for men only, women do well to carry a few around. However, don’t use Vaseline as a lubricant with condoms or diaphragms as petroleum products rot rubber.
Do not contemplate this method seriously. Lots of people try to avoid sex in the middle of their cycle, i.e. after ovulation, but this is very risky – though better than nothing.
The man withdraws his penis from your vagina before he ejaculates. Withdrawal is extremely risky because there are small droplets of semen-containing fluid released before ejaculation.
It is not good enough for him to ejaculate between your legs either since sperm can still make their way into the vagina and reach the cervical opening. It is not good to ejaculate on the woman’s stomach either since it is fucking messy and sticky.
These are inserted or squirted into the vagina with an applicator. They contain sperm killing chemicals but act primarily as a thick barrier before the cervix. They are not very effective on their own but should be used in conjunction with diaphragms and condoms.