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2003| June | Volume 57 | Issue 6
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Thyroid function tests in pregnancy.
A Kumar, N Gupta, T Nath, JB Sharma, S Sharma
June 2003, 57(6):252-258
The recognition of abnormality in thyroid function tests during pregnancy is important for the welfare of the mother as well as fetus. The values of serum tri-iodothyronine (T3), thyroxine (T4), thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) in nonpregnant women are not applicable during pregnancy and also differ in iodine deficient areas. In the present study, one hundred and twenty-four apparently normal, healthy young primigravidas with no known metabolic disorders and normal carbohydrate gestational intolerance test, consecutively attending the antenatal clinic were included in the study. The serum tri-iodothyronine (T3), thyroxine (T4) and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) in these women were estimated. In the first trimester, the mean T3 values were found to be 1.85 nmol/L, which increased to a mean of 2.47 nmol/L in the second trimester and declined in the third trimester to 1.82 nmo/L. Mean T4 levels were also seen to rise from 164.50 nmol/L in the first trimester to 165.80 nmol/L in the second trimester and then decreased in the third trimester to 159.90 nmol/L. Mean TSH levels were seen to rise progressively through the three trimesters of pregnancy from 1.20 microlU/ ml in the first trimester to 2.12 microlU/ml in the second trimester and further to 3.30 microlU/ml in the third trimester of pregnancy. Three asymptomatic pregnant women (2.5%) were found to have abnormal TSH values with normal T3 and T4 levels and good obstetric outcome. This pilot study also indicates the range to T3 as 1.7 - 4.3 nmol/L in second trimester and 0.4 - 3.9 nmol/L in third trimester, T4 as 92.2 - 252.8 nmol/L in second trimester and 108.2 - 219.0 nmol/ L in third trimester, and TSH as 0.1 - 5.5 microlU/ml in second trimester and 0.5- 7.6 microlU/ml in third trimester of pregnancy.
Dr. Jamnadas C. Patel.
June 2003, 57(6):222-237
Addison's disease presenting as depression.
ML Kaushik, RC Sharma
June 2003, 57(6):249-251
Absolute coronary risk analyser-A tool for managing coronary heart disease risk.
PP Mitrabasu, JS Shahapurkar, TP Sreekumar, MK Vyawahare, CG Sarma
June 2003, 57(6):238-243
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to develop a coronary risk analyser which can calculate authentically the absolute coronary risk of an individual for coronary risk management. METHODS AND RESULTS: After extensive literature survey was done to derive the most appropriate method to calculate the absolute coronary risk. Joint British recommendations derived from Framingham's heart study were adopted for its supreme sensitivity and specificity. A windows based software is developed using Visual basic programming language. The software is easily installable in any pentium PC with windows operating system and requires entry of a detailed medical profile of an individual for the calculation of absolute coronary risk. CONCLUSION: Coronary risk analyser developed by DEBEL effectively calculates the absolute coronary risk of an individual over 2, 5 or 10 years and stores the patient's data properly. The software is a tool to manage the coronary risk of a patient in the field of preventive cardiology.
Follow up of 318 cases of diabetes mellitus.
JC Patel, V Lingan, PS Deshpande
June 2003, 57(6):259-262
Ignorance, apathy, desire to get free advice, investigation and treatment is prevalent in diabetics. Most diabetics (69.63%) are uncontrolled whether on diet, single oral drug or combination of oral drugs or insulin. Ischemic heart disease was commonest complication. Neuritis was present in the one fourth of the followed up cases and was more prevalent in uncontrolled cases. Hypertension increases with the duration of diabetes and was twice more prevalent after duration of more than 5 years. Eye changes were present in about 50% of the people examined. Abnormality increases with the duration of diabetes.
Groundnut as the commonest foreign body of tracheobronchial tree in winter in Northern India. An analysis of fourteen cases.
SP Gulati, A Kumar, A Sachdeva, S Arora
June 2003, 57(6):244-248
In Northern India, in an institution like ours which receives quite a number of patients from surrounding rural areas, we found groundnut as the most common foreign body of tracheobronchial tree in children particularly in winter months of October to January. This article attempts to address the potential hazard of groundnut inhalation in children.
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